School of Graduate Studies

MA in Sociology (in English)

Why Sociology at Ibn Haldun University?

The discipline of sociology aims to analyze social, cultural, political, economic and legal problems that have arisen since people started living together, as well as to make comparative analyzes and to offer solutions. Today, globalization, ethnic, religious and regional wars, economic, environmental, legal and social crises have increased the importance of sociological research data. Ibn Haldun University Graduate Program of Sociology aims to create a new understanding, conceptualization and research space at the point of understanding, analyzing and proposing solutions for various problems regarding human beings and society both in our country and in the world. Our graduate program, which is both theoretical and methodologically nourished from the different sociological and social science traditions in the world, is also claiming to create a new tradition of sociology from the perspective of civilization.

About Program

Head of The Department:

Professor Recep Şentürk

Purposes of the Program:

Master’s program in Sociology aims to train highly competent sociologists, intellectuals and researchers at international level in the context of today’s local and global processes and crises. In line with the vision of our university, educating experts, administrators and diplomats equipped with knowledge and skills that can meet the needs of our country and the institutions and organizations operating in the world are among the important missions of our program.

The very objective of the program is to improve research in the field of Sociology in our country and to train sociologists who have the ability to identify and solve problems in accordance with the needs of the country so that important contributions can be obtained from these research activities both at national and international level and their effects can be disseminated.

The fact that the language of education of program is English makes it possible for our graduates to work and conduct research all over the world.

Scope of the Program:

The master’s program in Sociology combines different theoretical and methodological approaches to researching, understanding and proposing solutions for social, cultural, political, environmental and economic crises and problems in today’s societies by examining the traditions of thought in different civilizations and cultural basins comparatively.

The knowledge and skills which the graduates of the program will acquire can be listed as follows:

  • Providing specialization in specific areas
  • To be preferred in national and international business environments and in management levels
  • Working on joint projects with experts from different disciplines
  • To be able to interpret social processes as a whole with an interdisciplinary perspective
  • Having a wide perspective and high analytical power
  • To be able to bring effective and practical solutions to social / cultural and political problems
  • Efficient use of time and all resources at hand
  • To be able to observe and analyze social and political dynamics

Target Audience:

Individuals who want to increase or improve their knowledge and skills on sociological thinking, theory and research methodsThose targeted by the program are as follows:

  • Individuals wishing to pursue an academic career
  • University graduates from any discipline who are looking for a career in the public or private sector
  • Employees of companies who have experience in different organizations and want to acquire the equipment that will carry it to the next level
  • Individuals who are struggling to understand and analyze the society and environment to which they are belonged in connection with the developments in historical, local and international spheres.
Application Requirements
1st Semester
Code Course Name Hours  Credit ECTS
 Theory  Practice
SOC 506 Ibn Khaldun and Contemporary Issues 3 0 3 8
SOC 503 Social Theory I 3 0 3 8
… … Departmental Elective Course 3 0 3 8
… … Departmental/General Elective Course 3 0 3 8
Language Courses
Total 12 32
2nd Semester
Code Course Name Hours  Credit ECTS
 Theory  Practice
SOC 500 Seminar 3 0 0 3
SOC 501 Research Methods and Publication Ethics 3 0 3 8
SOC 504 Social Theory II 3 0 3 8
… … Departmental Elective Course 3 0 3 8
… … Departmental/General Elective Course 3 0 3 8
Language Courses
Total 12 35
3rd Semester
Code Course Name Hours  Credit ECTS
 Theory  Practice
SOC 599 MA Thesis 0 0 0 30
Language Courses
Total 0 30
4th Semester
Code Course Name Hours  Credit ECTS
 Theory  Practice
SOC 599 MA Thesis 0 0 0 30
Language Courses
Total 0 30
Grand Total 24 127
Code Course Name Hours  Credit ECTS
 Theory  Practice
SOC 500 Seminar 3 0 0 3
SOC 501 Research Methods and Publication Ethics 3 0 3 3
SOC 503 Social Theory I 3 0 3 8
SOC 504 Social Theory II 3 0 3 8
SOC 506 Ibn Khaldun and Contemporary Issues 3 0 3 8
Code Course Name Hours  Credit ECTS
 Theory  Practice
ANTH 509 Ethnography of Muslim Societies 3 0 3 8
ANTH 511 Ethnography of Space and Place 3 0 3 8
ANTH 512 Ethnography of Turkey 3 0 3 8
ANTH 513 Anthropology of Islam 3 0 3 8
ANTH 518 Ethnography of the State 3 0 3 8
ANTH 520 Political Border and Border Regions 3 0 3 8
ANTH 522 Anthropology of Emotions 3 0 3 8
CULT 510 Readings in Orientalism 3 0 3 8
CULT 517 Genealogies of Multiculturalism 3 0 3 8
HIST 508 Oral History 3 0 3 8
SOC 505 Political Sociology 3 0 3 8
SOC 507 Sociology of Religion 3 0 3 8
SOC 508 Religion in Modern Turkey 3 0 3 8
SOC 510 Gender and Society 3 0 3 8
SOC 514 Urban Sociology 3 0 3 8
SOC 515 Historical Sociology 3 0 3 8
SOC 516 Social Movements 3 0 3 8
SOC 521 Discourse Analysis 3 0 3 8
SOC 525 Modernity, Post-Modernity and Beyond 3 0 3 8
SOC 530 Sociology of Disaster 3 0 3 8


1) To graduate from Sociology Thesis Master Program, 24 credits in total and 9 courses having 127 ECTS which includes eight courses and one seminer course must be taken. Five of these courses are compulsory and four of them are elective. Moreover, as required by the Multilingualism Policy, requirements below must be fulfilled for graduation.

2) General elective courses can only be counted with the decision of the Graduate School Board. For this reason, students who take general elective courses should submit a request to the Institute with a petition.

3) According to the decision of the Senate regarding Multilingualism Policy on 24.09.2018, some level of proficiency in English, Turkish and Arabic ( or in another language except for Arabic) is required as a condition for graduation for the students of the graduate programs subject to this policy.

a- B1 level proficiency in English, B1 level proficiency in Turkish and A2 level proficiency in Arabic are required for Sociology Thesis Master Program. Since the language courses offered in this program will be opened as non-credit, reserving the condition to pass them successfully, grades gained from these courses will not be added to the Grade Point Average.

b- Students can fulfill the graduation requirement regarding the language courses by either attending preparation program before program course period (if offered by the Program) or taking language courses along with their program courses during the program semester and passing these language courses successfully. Students who prove their proficiency by language test scores that are approved by the University will be considered as fulfilling graduation requirement.

Regarding the language courses, the students are provided with two options;

First option: The course is taught 1 hour a day for 5 days a week (in total: 5 hours a week) between 08:00-09:00 in the morning.
Second option: The students may take the language course for 2 hours a day for 5 days a week (in total: 10 hours a week).

The number of courses that should be taken to fulfill the required proficiency levels by the programs is stated below:

For B1 level in Turkish and in English: Students must either select the First Option for 3 semesters or select the First Option for 1 semester and the Second Option for 1 semester (2 semesters in total) and pass them.

For A2 level in Arabic: Students must either select the First Option for 2 semesters or the Second Option for 1 semester and pass them.

Notice: Students will only register in language courses that conform with their levels, which will be decided after the placement test held by the Language School.

Code Course Name Hours  Credit ECTS Prerequisite
 Theory Practice
ARA 501 Basic Arabic I 1 4 0 5 *
ARA 502 Basic Arabic II 1 4 0 5 *
ARA 503 Intermediate Arabic I 1 4 0 5 *
ARA 504 Intermediate Arabic II 1 4 0 5 *
ARA 505 Advanced Arabic I 1 4 0 5 *
ARA 506 Advanced Arabic II 1 4 0 5 *
ARA 507 Intensive Basic Arabic 2 8 0 10 *
ARA 508 Intensive Intermediate Arabic 2 8 0 10 *
FRE 501 Basic French I 1 4 0 5 *
FRE 502 Basic French II 1 4 0 5 *
FRE 503 Intermediate French I 1 4 0 5 *
FRE 504 Intermediate French II 1 4 0 5 *
GER 501 Basic German I 1 4 0 5 *
GER 502 Basic German II 1 4 0 5 *
GER 503 Intermediate German I 1 4 0 5 *
GER 504 Intermediate German II 1 4 0 5 *
GRE 501 Basic Greek I 1 4 0 5 *
GRE 502 Basic Greek II 1 4 0 5 *
HEB 501 Basic Hebrew I 1 4 0 5 *
HEB 502 Basic Hebrew II 1 4 0 5 *
LAT 501 Basic Latin I 1 4 0 5 *
LAT 502 Basic Latin II 1 4 0 5 *
PERS 501 Basic Persian I 1 4 0 5 *
PERS 502 Basic Persian II 1 4 0 5 *
PERS 503 Intermediate Persian I 1 4 0 5 *
PERS 504 Intermediate Persian II 1 4 0 5 *
PERS 507 Intensive Basic Persian 2 8 0 10 *
PERS 508 Intensive Intermediate Persian 2 8 0 10 *
SPA 501 Basic Spanish I 1 4 0 5 *
SPA 502 Basic Spanish II 1 4 0 5 *
SPA 503 Intermediate Spanish I 1 4 0 5 *
SPA 504 Intermediate Spanish II 1 4 0 5 *
TLL 501 Basic Ottoman Turkish 1 4 0 5 *
TLL 502 Intermediate Ottoman Turkish 1 4 0 5 *
TLL 503 Advanced Ottoman Turkish I 1 4 0 5 *
TLL 504 Advanced Ottoman Turkish II 1 4 0 5 *
TLL 505 Ottoman Paleography and Diplomatica 1 4 0 5 *
TLL 506 Advanced Readings in Ottoman Historical Texts 1 4 0 5 *
TLL 507 Intensive Basic Ottoman Turkish 2 8 0 10 *
TLL 508 Intensive Intermediate Ottoman Turkish 2 8 0 10 *
TUR 501 Basic Modern Turkish I 1 4 0 5 *
TUR 502 Basic Modern Turkish II 1 4 0 5 *
TUR 503 Intermediate Modern Turkish I 1 4 0 5 *
TUR 504 Intermediate Modern Turkish II 1 4 0 5 *
TUR 505 Advanced Readings in Modern Turkish I 1 4 0 5 *
TUR 506 Advanced Readings in Modern Turkish II 1 4 0 5 *
TUR 507 Intensive Basic Modern Turkish 2 8 0 10 *
TUR 508 Intensive Intermediate Modern Turkish 2 8 0 10 *

*Approval of School of Languages

Genel seçmeli ders ancak Enstitü Yönetim Kurulu Kararı ile saydırılabilir. Bu sebeple genel seçmeli ders alan öğrencilerin Enstitü’ye sunacakları bir dilekçe ile saydırma talebinde bulunmaları gerekmektedir.

Course Contents

Compulsory Courses

SOC 500 Seminar
This course is a non-credit one that aims to encourage students to re-interrogate and analyze sociological and ethnographic theories, ideas and methods through an example of their individual research projects. During the semester, it is also aimed to help students to draw a road map in their research projects, as well as to carry out discussions with regard to preparing, conducting and writing a sociological and ethnographic project. Students of the course are encouraged to get involved in productive discussions during which the the draft, raw data, field experiences or main frameworks of the projects to be carried out are exchanged amongst them.

SOC 503 Social Theory I

The purpose of this course is to examine  a wide-range of classical social theorists in Muslim world as well as in the West,  from Farabi to Ibn Khaldun to Marx and Weber . The main task is  to make classical social theories  relevant to  the present in  understanding of human society. In other words, the course’s  primary goal is to help students to develop a way of looking at past and contemporary issues “sociologically”.  In doing so,  theory  will  be  discussed  as a tool for organizing existing knowledge in the generation of  “new’ knowledge. Each theorist  will be understood within their own time so that   specific social and historical contexts, which gave rise to their particular theory,  can be thoroughly understood.

SOC 504 Social Theory II

The aim of this course is to recognize, interpret and criticize the current theories that are raised by different thinkers and social scientists, claiming to grasp, analyze and present solutions to the various problems encountered by different societies in the modern era. The post-modern, post-structuralist, colonial, post-colonial, post-Marxist theories that emerged in the last period constitute the main discussion topics. Globalization, orientalism- Occidentalism, ecological problems, political violence, changing social classes and structures, neo-colonial politics, the quest for new sovereignty and politics, and crises that are confronted in modern nation-states will be discussed through different theoretical approaches.

SOC 501 Research Methods in Social Sciences

The aim of this course is to provide students with the ability to participate and contribute to scientific research processes at an advanced level. The course consists of two sections. The first section will deal with basic scientific approaches. From positivism to Poperian falsification to Kuhn’s paradigm, to Feyerabend against method, approaches with their basic assumptions and realities based on those assumptions, will be discussed. In the second sections, qualitative and quantitative methods and their use will be thought.  Students taking this course will become competent about methodologies and the research techniques in social sciences and will be able to apply his or their own research design for a specific problem. In addition to research methods in social sciences, ethical principles to which research results and publications should be subject will be discussed.

SOC 506 Ibn Khaldun and Contemporary Issues

It aims to analyze contemporary sociological issues with the tools of analysis of Ibn Khaldun sociology. In this framework, modern social theories will be discussed in the light of concepts and approaches such as asabiyyah, badawah, hadarah, and umran developed by Ibn Khaldun. It is intended for students to acquire a deep understanding and analytical ability of such comparisons.

Elective Courses

SOS 505 Political Sociology

The aim of this course is to make students have advanced theoretical equipments in the analysis and understanding of society, politics, authority, power and power relations. Students in this course will have the opportunity to discuss various themes, such as, state structures, the emergence of nation states, the state’s relation to other social institutions, social movements, civil society and democracy. These discussions will be held in a historical perspective, supplemented by different examples.

SOC 510 Gender

The course aims to examine, discuss and analyze the phenomenon of gender within the framework theoretical debates, concepts and theories presented in this field with a critical perspective. Human sexuality and gender will be explored in different social and cultural settings. Family and marriage systems, expectations and norms will be investigated. The categories of gender and sexuality will be treated in an interrelated manner to understand social behavior. An anthropological approach will facilitate the discussions and students will be encouraged to study and present real-life case studies and their impact on political and social debates.

CULT 517 Genealogies of Multiculturalism

The aim of this course is to investigate the practice and social phenomenon of multiculturalism through different periods and geographies, and seeks to establish a genealogy of multiculturalism, particularly in Europe. Starting with approaches of contemporary social and political theory’s take on multicultural practices, it will then move on to its history. The course takes Islamic Spain as a starting point, and then moves on to medieval Venice, to Ottoman Empire and then to modern day London. Seeking the roots of multicultural practices of civilizations, there will be readings of foundational texts such as the Madina Charter, along with historical monographs that depict the social relations of the periods and geographies concerned. There will then be readings of fictional texts that re-imagine the different multiculturalism that have already been studied, to see what contemporary authors make of these historical experiences.

SOC 507 Sociology of Religion

The objective of this course is the study and discussion of religions as social institutions. The course consists of three sections. In the first section, the course will deal with the essence of religion as a sociological issue. In the second section, the course will discuss the origins of religions, their institutionalization, their organizational role in social and economic life, their ability to generate solidarity and conflict in society, their relations to other social institutions, the possibilities and limitations of these differences. In the last section, attention will be given to the position of religions in the process of modernization and the future of religions in the context of modernity and secularity, the roles of religions in the making of ethnic and religious social movements.

ANTH 509 Ethnography of Muslim Societies

Islam and Muslim societies and cultures have been some of the most attractive subjects for researchers in social sciences. Current continuation of this interest has expanded the literature in this area of research. Nevertheless, from past to present, the labor of production of knowledge on Islam and Muslim societies has carried out diverse epistemological, methodological and theoretical problems and concerns. The fact that these problems are seen not only in the works of foreign (outsider) ethnographers but also local (insider) researchers makes the issue more complicated. In spite of all these critical concerns and problems, a wide variety of researches on Muslim societies and cultures have been constantly put forward by the different social scientists. The aim of this course is to read, understand and at the same time criticize various theoretical, methodological and epistemological issues in those studies through come case studies.

HIST 508 Oral History

This course aims to inform students about oral history as a methodology and as a sub-discipline in history. Oral historians do not investigate and study only the past events through different types of narratives, they also analyze how these historical events are remembered and perceived through generations and today. Oral historians collect, preserve and interpret individual and collective life stories of unheard voices and give a space to those neglected in the process of history writing. The study of oral history enable us to know how memories and testimonies play a role in formation of identity and sense of belonging in diverse contexts. This course emphasizes the role of oral history studies in creation of multi-vocal histories and in democratization of history writing. At the same time, the question of how to organize and conduct an oral history project will be answered in this course. 

SOS 512 Ethnography of Turkey

Understanding of Turkey with its multi-cultural, lingual and religious structures as a legacy of the Ottoman requires a comparative, analytical, historical and inter-disciplinary perspective. From past to the present, there have been, changes, transformations, conflicts, breaking points, fragmentations and integrations with diverse politics in this heterogeneous social entity. The aim of this course is to explore modern Turkish history and society from different angles and to critically examine the sociological as well as anthropological studies that have emerged in this area. In addition, recognizing and understanding the different religious and ethnic identities of the Turkish society in terms of history, identity, language, belonging and social memory, and analyzing the dynamics generating this plural structure are among the objectives of this course.

ANTH 513 Anthropology of Islam

Islam has been one of the most prominent religions in the history of the world. It has shaped and determined social, cultural, economic, psychological-spiritual, political, legal and many other aspects of diverse societies in different geographies. That is why it has also captured gaze of many social scientists particularly sociologies and anthropologists. The aim of this course is to scrutinize sociological and anthropological studies on Islam and Muslims with a critical perspective through some selected theoretical and ethnographic works. It is aimed to participate in the former discussions of “Anthropology of Islam” and “Islamic Anthropology” and to encourage students to deal with new epistemological, ontological and methodological analyses and move toward new ways of critical thinking on the subject matter.

SOC 515 Historical Sociology

Historical sociological research examines the long-term social processes that have an impact on contemporary societies. It also comprises the study of many other issues such as modernization, social change, trends and effects of globalization, integration and separation, continuity and rupture, religious and cultural pluralism, and linking the global to the local. The theoretical and methodological tools necessary to understand all these issues will be introduced to students of this course.

SOS 516 Social Movements

This course aims to discuss social movements in terms of sociology. First, the key concepts of the field, theoretical approaches and methodological tools will be discussed through many examples. These critical issues will be particularly emphasized: democracy, religion, identity, globalization, civil rights, environmentalism, class, race and ethnicity. While the social movements in Turkey are processed in a more intensive way, the other major social movements around the world will also be the subject of this course.

SOS 514 Urban Sociology

Urban sociology works in the form of a specific social organization known as ‘city’ and its origins, its life and its future. In this course, the focus will be on the following areas: (1) the development of cities, (2) the internal structure and organization of cities, (3) the interaction between people living in cities, (4) the way cities affect regions and nations, (5) different social problem resulting from urbanization. In this course, Istanbul and Anatolian cities will be at the center of discussions. The history and emergence of these cities will be examined in the light of the different theoretical perspectives explaining these facts.

ANTH 518 Ethnography of the State

The Modern state has constantly reconstructing and re-producing its hegemony through use of diverse politics, structural mechanisms and apparatuses. This course examines the state mechanism and nation-state structures on the axis of political violence and hegemony. In this course during which the effort to understand the modern state building process through thinkers like Weber, Gramsci, Althusser, Foucault and Agamben will be revealed; thinkers such as Benjamin, Arendt, Sartre, Fanon and Asad will be included in the debate and archeology of how the phenomenon of political violence transforms into one of the basic means of the modern state will be carried out. This course, which will analyze different ethnographic studies on modern state, will encourage students to make new inquiries on concepts such as modern state, political violence, sovereignty and power.

ANTH 520 Political Borders and Border Regions

The making of national-political borders has resulted in emergence of stories of separation, loss, border crossing, smuggling and banditry in the everyday life of ordinary people in the border communities. The political borders have become sites and symbols of power and also concrete forms of boundaries of “imagined nation”. Contrary definition of political borders in the state discourse as fixed, durable, and inflexible entities, the practices of local portioned communities have subverted these borders as unstable, transitory and flexible constructions. Moreover, borders have been perceived as violent interventions of nation-states and therefore an entity to be challenged by these communities. In this course, the making and unmaking practices of political borders at borderlands by both modern nation-state and local (border) people are going to be scrutinized. This course will focus on how we might think anthropologically about political borders and the effects they created in diverse form on border communities. 

SOC 521 Discourse Analysis

This course deals with how the language differs according to the workplace, the social environment, the purpose of communication, and social roles and identities. It examines the different forms of speech and writing. Daily conversations, interviews, interrogations, public speaking, emailing, messaging, and the posts in social media can be mentioned as examples. In this course, the students will discuss the nature of the meaning, how the individuals actually convey what they say and write, the kind of courtesy in verbal communication and what makes a text consistent. They will also have the ability to analyze the characteristics of various texts, to characterize the interpersonal stances adopted by the speaker and the author, and to identify and classify different text styles that function in specific social settings.

ANTH 522 Anthropology of Emotions

One of the most important characteristics of the creation of human beings, emotion(s) has become one of the topics that have recently been missed in the social sciences and especially in sociology-anthropological circles. Emotions influence and shape diverse aspects of our personal and collective lives in everyday life and the social world we are born into effects our emotions in many ways. Are the emotions universal or do they show differences from culture to culture? Are emotions a cultural-collective phenomenon beyond psychological-individual aspects? This course aims to analyze emotions (love, hate, anger, faith, fear, etc.) not only as subjective but also as collective/social and cultural experiences with an anthropological perspective.

SOC 525 Modernity, Post-modernity and Beyond

The purpose of this course is to analyze, understand and make sense of the basic transformations of society since 1970s. The origins of modernity, the different reflections of the idea of enlightenment, discussions of modernism and modernity, globalization, post-industrial society, post-modernism and post-modernity theories will be discussed through their reflections on everyday life. Aspects of the postmodern in fields like architecture, music, politics and television and literature will be discussed. Special attention will be paid to the relationship between the modern and post-modern, the continuities and ruptures that define both concepts. This will then enable the discussion to move forward to conceptualizations of the aesthetics of the coming era.

SOC 530 Sociology of Disaster

The aim of this course is to give students the ability to examine sociological aspects of disasters. Disasters are natural phenomena. At the same time, they are social events that reflect the lives of our communities and groups as much as they are natural. Throughout the term,  the course attention will focus on  how culture, inequality, social structure and processes effect the  way how people face disasters, how they respond and the ways in which they recover or fail and how disasters may lead to rapid social change. Utilizing the theories of sociology of disaster, students will be able to examine the social, economic, geographical, political and cultural factors that place people at different risk levels before, during and after the disaster in the case of major natural disasters in our country.

Fields marked with an * are required