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School of Graduate Studies

MA in International and Comparative Law (in Turkish)

Why International and Comparative Law at Ibn Haldun University?

The School of Law at Ibn Haldun University is a faculty that develops its own methods, using classical as well as innovative approaches with the help of advanced technology.

The International and Comparative Law Master Program is structured to train qualified lawyers who will be able to produce new solutions for legal problems in the modern world where global competition is at the forefront. The program is appropriate for individuals who prefer critical thinking instead of memorizing, are conscious of doing research, have self-expressive skills and are open-minded, make intellectual independence the priority. The program which emphasizes the importance of interdisciplinary and comparative studies develops a unique perspective of education.

As an international research university, Ibn Haldun University offers outstanding opportunities with qualified academic staff, a 24/7 open library which provides a great collection, extensive scholarship, and an international network of researchers.

About Program

Program Coordinator:

Prof. Dr. Ömer Çınar

The need for specialist lawyers is higher than ever because of rapid developments in social, cultural, economic, and technological fields in Turkey and new legal problems in the globalized world. Ibn Haldun University which is established as a social science research university to respond to the above needs aims to educate scientists and practitioners who specialize in international private and public law. The program should interest those who have a deep understanding of legal methods, identify problems properly, and have an interdisciplinary perspective which is needed to solve problems, comment on legal texts with their accumulation, bring new proposals and take into account the developments in the World and present original opinions. First of all, the International and Comparative Law Master Program uses/has its own effective teaching methodology and it is also open to training qualified lawyers who abstain from memorization, think and reason, correctly identify encountered legal problems and produce quick and objective solutions by means of the concept of the notion of law and using legal terminology properly, with great oral presentation skills.

The program includes both theoretical courses in the field of basic law and practical courses in specialist areas. Students who are entitled to get a diploma and graduate from this program will increase their knowledge and skills in the areas listed below.

Application Requirements

Visit the MA Programs Application Requirements page.

Teaching Staff

Visit the department page for Teaching Staff.

Curriculum

Visit the curriculum page.

Course Contents

HUK 500 Seminar

The seminar course aims to prepare the results of the research that the student will follow following the methods of scientific research at the graduate level by using presentation preparation methods and developing presentation skills. Firstly, students will be informed about the selection of the seminar topic and the presentation topics will be determined together with the student. Later, Students will conduct research on different topics, prepare presentations, and make presentations in front of a group. With the active participation of students, besides regular lecturing; research, presentation, discussion, methods will be used.

HUK 501 Scientific Research Techniques and Publication Ethics

To provide students with knowledge about methods and techniques of scientific research. In a study using Scientific Research Method, what should be done, how to proceed, how to identify the problem, how to determine the correct method for the research, how to develop the test materials, how to transfer the references, and how the results will be discussed and how to find the results. Analysis of various articles about the development of research methodology. Publication Ethics, Education and Ethics, Ethical Justification and Basics.

ELECTIVE COURSES

HUK 503 European Human Rights Law I

Course content beginning with the historical development of human rights will be mentioned in contemporary discussions relating to human rights and cultural relativism. This course in which the protection system of human rights will be studied, both locally and universally, is mostly based on the European Human Rights Law. This content, especially European Convention on Human Rights and The Court’s jurisprudence will be guided.

HUK 504 European Human Rights Law II

Course content beginning with the historical development of human rights will be mentioned in contemporary discussions relating to human rights and cultural relativism. This course in which the protection system of human rights will be studied, both locally and universally, is mostly based on the European Human Rights Law. This content, especially European Convention on Human Rights and The Court’s jurisprudence will be guided.

HUK 505 Protection of Human Rights in the United Nations System I

Within the scope of this course, institutionalized mechanisms for the protection of human rights within the UN system will be discussed. The law produced by these organizations within the UN system will not be examined here. However, what these mechanisms are and their position in the system, their functions, and structures will be examined. For example, the law established by the Human Rights Committee under the UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights will not be examined, but the position of this convention for the realization of human rights will be analyzed.

HUK 506 Protection of Human Rights in the United Nations System II

In this course, whether the mechanism in question is a Charter-based mechanism or a Contract-based mechanism will be the subject of this course. Of course, the area protected by this mechanism will be determined, on the other hand, analyses on substantive law, for example, will not be entered. In this context, the Human Rights Council; Organs such as the Human Rights Committee, and the Children’s Rights Committee will be within the scope of the study.

HUK 507 International Organizations I

This course will focus on the legal and policy issues raised by the development and functioning of intergovernmental organizations. It will encompass a course in United Nations law and a comparative study of international organizations organized over 14 weeks. Issues relating to rulemaking, trusteeship, human rights, dispute settlement, and enforcement will be central to this course. Parallel with the discussion of these themes the focus each week will be on a different organization, from a list including the UN, the World Bank, the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Intellectual Property Association (WIPO), the European Union (EU), the African Union (EU) and the Organization of American States (OAS). It will consider, among other topics, the privileges and immunities of international organizations, relations between the United States and the United Nations, the past role of and future composition of the Security Council, and the recent restructuring of the U.N. human rights mechanisms.

HUK 508 International Organizations II

This course will focus on the legal and policy issues raised by the development and functioning of intergovernmental organizations. It will encompass a course in United Nations law and a comparative study of international organizations organized over 14 weeks. Issues relating to rulemaking, trusteeship, human rights, dispute settlement, and enforcement will be central to this course. Parallel with the discussion of these themes the focus each week will be on a different organization, from a list including the UN, the World Bank, the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Intellectual Property Association (WIPO), the European Union (EU), the African Union (EU) and the Organization of American States (OAS). It will consider, among other topics, the privileges and immunities of international organizations, relations between the United States and the United Nations, the past role of and future composition of the Security Council, and the recent restructuring of the U.N. human rights mechanisms.

HUK 509 The International Criminal Law within the Rome Statute I

Within the framework of this Course; the term of international criminal law, international criminal law for the crimes containing foreign elements, judicial assistance for long arm crimes, fight against the criminalist, ad-hoc criminal courts, establishment process of international criminal courts, and the International Criminal Court, classification of international crimes and its prosecution and trial processes shall be examined.

HUK 510 The International Criminal Law within the Rome Statute II

Within the framework of this Course; the term of international criminal law, international criminal law for the crimes containing foreign elements, judicial assistance for long arm crimes, fight against the criminalist, ad-hoc criminal courts, establishment process of international criminal courts, and the International Criminal Court, classification of international crimes and its prosecution and trial processes shall be examined.

HUK 511 International Labor Law in the Framework of International Labor Organization Regulations I

The objective of this course is to provide a general point of view and understanding of international labor law institutions and provisions, particularly about international treaties approved by Turkey and supervision organs.

HUK 512 International Labor Law in the Framework of International Labor Organization Regulations I

The objective of this course is to provide a general point of view and understanding of international labor law institutions and provisions, particularly about international treaties approved by Turkey and its supervision organs of them.

HUK 513 European Union Consumer Law I

Many legal arrangements have been made in Turkey to harmonize the legal arrangements in the field of consumer law with the EU. For this purpose, the Law on the Protection of Consumers No. 6502 and various regulations were enacted for the implementation of the Law. In this course, the legal regulations adopted by the EU for the protection of the consumer will be examined comparatively with Turkish law.

HUK 514 European Union Consumer Law II

Many legal arrangements have been made in Turkey to harmonize the legal arrangements in the field of consumer law with the EU. For this purpose, the Law on the Protection of Consumers No. 6502 and various regulations were enacted for the implementation of the Law. In this course, the legal regulations adopted by the EU for the protection of the consumer will be examined comparatively with Turkish law.

HUK 515  International Commercial Law I

This course aims to teach students the basic principles and theories of International Business Law. Topics to be covered in this course include international commercial risks, lex mercatoria, CISG, Letters of Credit, Bank Letters of Guarantee, International Commercial Terms, and Documents.

HUK 516  International Commercial Law II

This course aims to teach students the basic principles and theories of International Business Law. Topics to be covered in this course include international commercial risks, lex mercatoria, CISG, Letters of Credit, Bank Letters of Guarantee, International Commercial Terms, and Documents.

HUK 517  European Union Copyright Law I

​​In the course, the directives on intellectual property, which are accepted by the European Union and must be transferred to the domestic laws of the member states, and especially the provisions of the “Information Community Directive” and the “Implementation Directive” will be examined in comparison with the Turkish intellectual property legislation and the Law on Intellectual and Artistic Works No. 5846.

HUK 518 European Union Copyright Law II

In the course, the directives on intellectual property, which are accepted by the European Union and must be transferred to the domestic laws of the member states, and especially the provisions of the “Information Community Directive” and the “Implementation Directive” will be examined in comparison with the Turkish intellectual property legislation and the Law on Intellectual and Artistic Works No. 5846.

HUK 519 International Commercial Arbitration I

This course covers the development of International Commercial Arbitration. International Commercial Arbitration is one of the most frequently used dispute resolution methods in the resolution of international commercial disputes. With the increase in globalization and global trade, commercial arbitration has developed and many international agreements have been made in this field and these have directly affected local legislation. In this course, information and main sources about the history of international commercial arbitration will be taught current issues will be discussed and a moot application of arbitration will be held.

HUK 520 International Commercial Arbitration I

International Arbitration Law of Turkey (Milletlerarası Tahkim Kanunu), different rules and regulations, and its application domestically and internationally will be examined in this course.

HUK 521 Presidential Government System

This course contains, European countries, including Turkey, adopted by the Presidential System of Government after the constitutional amendment in 2017, and the United States’s government systems will be comparatively examined in detail.

HUK 522 Union Rights and Collective Bargaining Rights in the Framework of International Regulations

In this course, the historical development of the right of the union, positive and negative union freedom, trade union assurances, such as union law concepts and institutions related to the Turkish Labor Law, International Agreements, and the German Law, in particular, is aimed at examining. In this framework, students who are successful in the course are expected to do research using the library and electronic databases, to systematize the resources found, and to use research methods in the frame of scientific ethics by using citation methods.

HUK 523 Basic Principles of Civil Aviation Law

Within the framework of this course, the foundation of aviation law, its historical development process, and its current situation shall be examined. Thereafter basic resources of the aviation law and internal and international aspects of these resources shall be examined. Considering the international and internal aspects of aviation law, the relationship between the international agreements composing the aviation law and domestic civil aviation regulations of the countries shall be revealed. In this way, both the basic principles specified in the international agreements within the frame of international law shall be examined and foreign countries’ civil aviation regulations shall be examined within the framework of comparative law.

HUK 524 International Procedural Law

The acquisition and loss of Turkish citizenship, the evaluation of issues related to the legal regime applied to foreigners, and citizenship law, within the scope of private international law will be examined. Additionally, this course will examine the general principles that dominate private international law, the rules to be applied in conflict of laws related to relations with foreign elements, and international procedural law issues such as international jurisdiction, recognition, and enforcement of foreign courts and arbitral awards.

HUK 525 International Investment Law

This course aims to examine bilateral investment agreements, agreements such as MIGA and ICSID, which are important sources of international investment law, and to evaluate the developments in international investment law.

HUK 526 ICC Arbitration and Enforcement

Course “International Commercial Arbitration” is dedicated to the institutes of international commercial arbitration as a private mechanism of alternative dispute resolution of international commercial disputes. Special emphasis is made on contemporary case law, drafting of procedural documents, and preparation for oral pleadings.

HUK 527 Negotiation Procedures of Public Services in the Ottoman Empire

Within the scope of the course, the methods of meeting the common needs of the people living within the borders of the Empire in the classical and modern periods of the Ottoman Empire will be discussed. In this context, the role played by the central administration, kadis, foundations and other private legal persons in the provision of public services will be examined.

HUK 528 Administrative Procedure in Comparative Law


Within the scope of the course, the concept of administrative procedure, its scope, and basic principles will be introduced first. Afterward, the necessity of the administrative procedure and its assurance to individuals will be examined. After determining the theoretical framework for the administrative procedure, administrative procedure laws, practices and basic principles in other countries will be compared. This comparison will be made by considering the administrative procedure laws and practices of Turkey and other countries, the basic administrative law understanding of these countries, the administrative organization structure of the country, and the management style.

HUK 529 Protection of Worker’s Personal Data

In this course, implementation in the field of the labor relations of Personal Data Protection Law no.6698 will be examined in detail comparatively with the regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament on the protection of natural persons about the processing of personal data and the free movement of such data and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), and the practices in the EU countries.

HUK 530 Ombudsman in Comparative Law

Within the scope of the Ombudsman in Comparative Law course, the examples in comparative law and the way it is applied in our country, the supervision of the administration by a non-judicial institution independent from the administration are examined

HUK 531 Assurance Law I

In this course, personal guarantees afforded to assure obligees such as surety, guarantee contracts, pecuniary warrants, and especially letters of guarantee will be examined.

HUK 532 Assurance Law II

In this course, personal guarantees afforded to assure obligees such as surety, guarantee contracts, pecuniary warrants, and especially letters of guarantee will be examined.

HUK 533 Public-Private Partnership

In the Public-Private Partnerships course, the methods of working together between the Public Sector and the Private Sector are explained. The projects implemented in Turkey are evaluated in terms of legislation and compared with their practices in international law.

HUK 534 Electronic Communications Law

The course examines how the European Union (EU) regulates one of its most dynamic, innovative industries: the electronic communications sector. The course concentrates on the efforts of the EU to deregulate and re-regulate electronic communications networks and services to achieve Union-wide competition in the sector. An account is also taken of the global context for this area of regulation. Accordingly, an account is taken of the regulatory roles played by non-EU actors in the field, particularly the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and World Trade Organization (WTO). The main legal instruments examined in the course are Directives 2002/21/EC, 2002/19/EC, 2002/20/EC, and 2002/22/EC (all as amended), Regulation (EC) 1211/2009, along with relevant Commission recommendations and guidelines.

HUK 535  Innominate Contracts

In this course, innominate contract types which are not regulated in the Turkish Law of Obligations and fundamental issues about these contracts will be examined. Emphasizing frequently encountered innominate contracts in the practice, this course will present differences between innominate contracts and similar contracts regulated in the Code.

HUK 536 Marital Property Law

Within the scope of the course, marital property regimes, which is one of the main subjects of Civil Law and regulated within the scope of family law relations in the second book of the Civil Code, are discussed. In this context, important issues such as legal marital regime and contractual/elective property regime, separation of property regime, more specifically entitlement, dissolution, and division in the marital property regime of participation in acquired property are examined.

HUK 537 Current Issues of Competition Law

Basic understanding of the law of market structure and unfair competition law; introduction into European and national competition procedure including the leniency programs. Comparative research on European Competition Law

HUK 538 Joint Stock Company Law

In this course, issues regarding the Joint Stock Company Law, including the judicial decisions on the subject, from the establishment of the joint-stock company to its dissolution, the working procedures and principles of the company organs to the commercial books and reports to be prepared by the joint-stock companies, the structure change models such as mergers, divisions, Issues such as change of type, liability, from issuance of share certificates to share transfers, the right to obtain and review information from the company’s audit will be discussed.

HUK 539 The Contribution of Ethical Theories in Legal Argumentation

In this course, the structural relationship between ethics and law rather than superficial discussions will be discussed. In the first 4 weeks, it will be put forward as a problem that the possibility of being ethical for a human being in current scientific developments, especially connectome and artificial intelligence. In the second 4 weeks, the most accepted Utilitarian, Kantian, Virtue Ethics (Aristotelian), and Religious ethical theories will be discussed respectively in terms of their roles in our choices and the way they shape our behaviors, and it will be determined how effective they are in legal decisions. In the remaining weeks, the students participating in the course will be expected to analyze the decisions that show the guiding role of ethical thinking in concrete court decisions or that contain argumentation away from ethical considerations. Thus, students will be able to comprehend the various and complex forms of relationship between ethics and law, and the ability of students to produce more equitable solutions and reach decisions will be developed.

HUK 540 Check Law

In this course, the basic legal regulations regarding checks, which are a type of negotiable instruments, will be examined, and subjects such as the concept of a check, issuance of checks, circulation of checks, payment of checks, and consequences of non-payment of checks will be discussed. In addition, legislative studies related to electronic checks will be examined.

HUK 541 Trademark Law

In this course, general provisions and basic principles regarding trademark law will be discussed within the framework of the provisions of the Industrial Property Law No. 6769. In this context, the definition of the trademark, the signs that can be trademarks, the trademark registration processes, and the relative and absolute grounds for the rejection of trademark applications will be examined. In addition, the relationship between trademark law and unfair competition law will be examined in the course.

HUK 542 Turkish Labor Law and Telecommuting in The Context of Comparative Law

In this course, the issue of remote work, which has been on the agenda recently will be discussed within the framework of the Labor Law, the Turkish Code of Obligations, the Remote Working Regulation, and relevant legislation. In this context, the rights and obligations of the worker and the employer in case of remote working will be examined and the social security rights of the worker in case of remote working will be discussed.